PhD Formatting APA

Stark Technovision Supports for Preparing Research Documentation as per Candidate's Expectations and University Guidelines.

Formatting APA

Formatting in the American Psychological Association (or APA) is such a challenging and tedious work, where at Stark Technovision, enables you to format your manuscript and other research work according to APA 6th Edition published in 2010. The following are the general guidelines we follow:

General Directions: Under every category, the format is given followed by an example.

  • Book with one author

(Surname, Name. (Year). Name of book. Place of publication: Publisher.) Johnson, Roberta. (2003). Gender and Nation in the Spanish Modernist Novel. Nashville: Vanderbilt.

  • Book with 2 or 3 authors

(Surname1, name1., Surname 2, name 2., and surname 3,name 3 (Year). Name of book. Place of publication: Publisher.) Welsch, Roger L., and Linda K. Welsch. (1987). Cather’s Kitchens: Foodways in Literature and Life. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1987. Print.

  • Book with a corporate author

(Name of corporate author. (Year). Name of book. Place of publication: Publisher) American Council of Learned Societies (1994). Teaching the Humanities: Essays from the ACLS Elementary and Secondary Schools Teacher Curriculum Development Project. New York: ACLS.

  • Book with no author listed on the title page

(Book name. (Year). Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Year. Print/web) The Chicago Manual of Style. (2003).15th ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P.

  • Work in an anthology or edited book

(Surname, Name. (Year). “Name of work XYZ” from: Work name. Edition. Pg no (a-b). Place of publication: Publisher.) Allende, Isabel. (1992). “Toad‟s Mouth.” Trans. Margaret Sayers Peden. A Hammock beneath the Mangoes: Stories from Latin America. Ed. Thomas Colchie. 83-88. New York: Plume.

  • Brochure, pamphlet, or press release

Treat them as you would a book; add day and month to date for a press release. (Name of brochure/pamphlet. (Year, Month with Date). Name of article. Place of publication: Publisher) Modern Language Association. (2006, 18 Apr). Modern Language Association Announces New and Improved MLA Language Map. New York: MLA.

  • Article in a published proceeding

Same as a work in an edited book but including pertinent information about the conference. (Surname, Name. (Year, Month and date). “Name of work XYZ” from: Work name. Proceedings of the _______________. Place of publication: Publisher) Mann, Jill. (January 1989). “Chaucer and the Woman Question”. Proceedings of the Tenth Research Symposium of the Dutch and Belgian University Teachers of Old and Middle English and Historical Linguistics, Utrecht. Ed. Erik Kooper. Amsterdam: Rodopi,

  • Entry/article from an encyclopaedia or reference work

(Surname, Name. (Year). “Title”. Name of encyclopedia. Edition) Mohanty, Jitendra M. “Indian Philosophy.” The New Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropaedia. 15th ed.

  • Introduction, preface, foreword or afterword

(Surname,Name. Introduction/Preface/Foreword/Afterword. (Year). Title. pages. Author. Place of publication: Publisher) Drabble, Margaret. Introduction. Middlemarch. (1985). By George Eliot. (vii-xvii). New York: Bantam, 1985. vii-xvii.

Give location of newspaper if not included in the name; do not include volume and issue. (Surname, Name. (Year, Date). Name of article. Name of newspaper, pages.) Rosenberg, Geanne. (31 Mar, 1997). Electronic Discovery Proves an Effective Legal Weapon. New York Times.

Work published only on the Web Include as much of the following as is available:  Author, editor, corporate author, etc.  Title of work (italicized if independent, in quotes if part of a larger work)  title of overall Web site (italicized), if distinct from above  Untitled works may be identified by a genre label (e.g., Home page, Introduction, Online posting)  Version or edition used  Publisher or sponsor of the site; if not available, use N.p.  date of publication (day, month, and year, as available); if not available, use n.d.  Medium of publication (Web)  Date of access (day, month, and year)

  • ONLINE JOURNALS, MAGAZINES, NEWSPAPERS- Articles from online databases.

NOTE: Use the article’s DOI (Digital Object Identifier), the unique code given by the publisher to a specific article (Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Name of Journal, xx, xxx-xxx. doi:xxxxxxxxxx) Senior, B., & Swailes, S. (2007). Inside management teams: Developing a teamwork survey instrument. British Journal of Management, 18, 138-153. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8551.2006.00507. NOTE: Use the journal’s home page URL (or web address) if there is no DOI. This may require a web search to locate the journal’s home page. There is no period at the end of web address. Break a long URL before the punctuation. Koo, D. J., Chitwoode, D. D., & Sanchez, J. (2008). Violent victimization and the routine activities/lifestyle of active drug users. Journal of Drug Issues, 38, 1105-1137.

  • Article from an Online Magazine/other sources- not from a database

Include URL as supplementary information, the reader probably cannot locate the source without it Lodewijkx, H. F. M. (2001, May 23). Individual-group continuity in cooperation and competition under varying communication conditions. Current Issues in Social Psychology, 6(12), 166-182.