Doing PhD Research is scientific, methodological way of finding answers to hypothetical questions. Since research methodology gives direction for conducting your thesis and also affects your results and how you conclude the findings, thus, it requires special and complete attention. Moreover research is considered as an academic activity, thus always term should be used in a technical sense. As soon as candidates register for their PhD, there are several major questions that they ask themselves such as "How to Research?" and 'What to research?'and central question would be 'why research'.
Research methodology is a ploy to get answer to the hypothetical questions. In terms of Technical Research, it states the way of systamatic Algorithmic implimentation to achieve ultimate Objectives. It provides a direction to execute the study. Formulating the research problem is the first challenge which is attainable through specific methodology. Application of methodology depends on the nature of research problem. Actually, it is a challenge on the part of a researcher in selecting a methodology.
Research can be method of finding solution to a problem or it can also involve in formulation of a theory. Hence in order to formulate a theory or to find answer to question, researchers need to be familiarizing with the appropriate methods. In general research objectives fall into a number of following broad groupings.
|Qualitative research||Quantitative research|
|Research problem: how? why?||Research problem: who (how many)? what (how much)?|
|Literature review: exploratory - what are the variables involved? constructs are messy research issues are developed||Literature review: explanatory - what are the relationships between the variables which have been previously identified and measured? hypotheses are developed|
|Paradigm: critical realism/interpretive||Paradigm: positivist|
|Methodology: for example, case study research or action research||Methodology: for example, survey or experiment|
There are different types of research and the basic types of research are as follows.
However, type of research is based on the purpose of your PhD study. It is always good to contact research methodology expertise of your area for more valuable information.