PhD Discussion and Conclusions

Stark Technovision Can Help You to Analyze Research Accomplished and Respective Conclusion.


In any dissertation / thesis Discussion and Conclusions is not always made. However, its been clearly conveyed that Discussions are interpretive, dealing with points, in contrast to Results which are descriptive, dealing with facts. Further, in discussion, researcher should able to consolidate their discussion with three moves

  • The first quite extensive, consolidating research space
  • Followed by short, dealing with implications
  • Future research

In any thesis Discussion are more prominent in the literature than conclusion.

Conclusion chapter is usually been as part of the Discussion Section of a Research Article. However, in a PhD thesis conclusion usually has the status of a separate chapter. In an experimental research paper, general structure is categorized the “rhetorical divisions” as Introduction (general to particular), Procedure (particular) (Methods and Results) and Discussion (mirror image of the introduction).

Hill characterization of Discussion as consists of

  • Implications
  • Limitations
  • Recommendations

Dudely-Evans, emphasises Discussion into 9 moves

  • Introduction
  • Evaluation of results
    • Information move
    • Statement of results
    • Findings
    • (Un)expected outcome
    • Reference to previous research
    • Explanation
    • Claim
    • Limitation and Recommendations

An efficient research conclusion should have the following attributes:

Point 1 : Summarizing the study Indicating significance
Point 2: Evaluating the study Indicating Limitations
Point 3: deductions from the research Recommending future research
Drawing pedagogical implications

Overall, conclusive research has emphasized six main points for good conclusion

  • Summarising thesis findings
  • Discussing the findings more broadly than in earlier chapters
  • Coming to conclusions (more generalised than findings)
  • Giving implications of findings
  • Making recommendations
  • Suggesting area of future research

The number of references in a thesis conclusion is important as it gives some indications of how much the conclusion refer back to previous research in summing up the findings and significance of the thesis and in making recommendations for further research. When this is expressed as a percentage of the number of references in the thesis as a whole, it gives an indication of the importance of the concluding chapter compared with other chapters in positioning the research study in relation to the literature.

Section Headings Make sure to have appropriate section headings that the writer is hoping to accomplish in different parts of the chapter. Section Headings can be as follows

1st section Heading:

  • Summary
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion(s)

Intermediate section Heading:

  • Research questions
  • Methodological aspects
  • Limitations
  • Theoretical Implications & Recommendations

Final Section Heading:

  • Future directions
  • Further studies / research
  • Epilogue